Causes of Back Pain in Women - Health Guide

Updated on 24 Aug 2011,
Published on 17 Sep 2009

Among all other complicated health issues, back pain is also one such issue whose causes needs to be determined in order to treat it. Lower back pain especially is quite common among women. In fact, it is one such condition that affects both the genders and all age groups. With the statistics of back pain in women going upto 50%, it is truly becoming one of the major health concerns. According to statistics, about 80% of women have suffered from back pain that lasted for about a year. There are a number of causes that contribute towards back pain.

According to the German Association of Gynecologists, persistent or recurring back pain may be due to gynecological causes. Muscle, nerve, ligament stress, fibroid tumor, menstrual cramps, pregnancy, endometriosis etc. are some of the female issues that could lead to back pain. The causes of the condition in women can be classified in four categories namely, de-conditioning, structural problems, medical conditions and psychological stress.


The lumbar region of your body i.e. the lower portion is the area that bears the weight of your body. All the twisting and lifting that you regularly do affect this area the most and thus make it the weakest part of your body that needs to be strengthened. Lack of conditioning, excess body weight, smoking, poor posture and poor muscle flexibility etc. are some of the causes that could cause lower back pain. As far as smoking causing back pain is concerned, there is no clear evidence as to how it is related to the pain. But it has been found to increase the risk of backache. The pain can be however minimized by maintaining a healthy weight, correct body posture and by practicing a healthy lifestyle.

Structural Problems

On contrary to the backache caused by de-conditioning that can be controlled, those caused by structural problems cannot be modified or controlled. But there are certain things that can be done to alleviate the pain. Degenerative discs, scoliosis, compression fractures due to osteoporosis, disc herniations, arthritis, spinal stenosis etc. are some of the structural problems that can lead to intense back pain. Women are more prone to suffer from osteoporosis than men. Some of the structural problems such as scoliosis may be genetic.

Medical Conditions

The back pain that is caused by medical conditions can be alleviated only through medical treatment. These conditions may or may not be structural in nature. Urinary tract infections, cancer, pelvic inflammatory diseases, endometriosis, Kidney stones, menstruation, etc are some of the medical conditions that could lead to back pain. Of all the causes, Menstruation is one of the major causes of backache in women. It often starts off with the period and then later on develops in your back causing pain.

Psychological Stress

Lack of sleep, stress and depression may also cause back pain as it increases muscle tension. Regular exercise, proper hygiene, etc. can help in alleviating the pain that is caused by pain and depression. The only way to fight away such aches is to strengthen the muscles and condition them to make it flexible in order to minimize the pain.

Pregnancy is another major cause of back pain in women. The weight of the baby and the hormonal changes that the body of the women goes through exert a lot of pressure on the lower back area of the body thereby increasing the load. The temporary changes that a woman’s body goes through during pregnancy causes imbalances that strains the body parts. Light stretches and gentle exercise under the supervision of an expert can help in easing the pain.

Suggested Reading:
back pain during early pregnancy
back pain during ovulation
back pain diagnosis for better treatment

1 Response(s)
kipere fredrick mike
we like to share good news on back pain causes with you
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