Viral Tonsillitis and Bacterial Tonsillitis
The inflammation or infection of the tonsils is referred to as tonsillitis. It may be caused due to viral or bacterial infection. Most episodes of tonsillitis in children are viral. Like the bacterial tonsillitis, viral tonsillitis is also infectious and can be easily spread through direct contact like sneezing, coughing, respiratory secretions etc. The general symptoms of viral tonsillitis are almost the same with that of the bacterial tonsillitis except for some minor differences. But clinically, the difference between viral and bacterial tonsillitis is that in the former you will only see that the tonsils are congested whereas in the latter, you can see changes in the tonsil like follicles, pus, larger crypts, etc.
In viral tonsillitis, one gland may be larger than the other one. Also, both the back and front glands are enlarged and swollen and is usually associated with swelling liver or spleen. The major difference between viral tonsillitis and bacterial tonsillitis lies in the procedure of their treatments. Unlike the bacterial infection, antibiotics cannot cure the viral infection. All that can be done for the treatment of the viral infection is to rely on medications for controlling pain and fever.
Some of the common viruses that cause tonsillitis are:
2) Influenza or flu virus
3) Epstein Bar virus
4) Parainfluenza viruses
Of all these viruses, the most common viruses are adenovirus and Epstein bar virus. Adenovirus is common among early childhood and is responsible for about 10% of all respiratory infections. Epstein bar virus is the agent that causes mononucleosis which is also known as the kissing disease. This virus exhibits ample symptoms such as fever, severely inflamed tonsils, swollen and tender neck glands, enlarged spleen, and fatigue. The swelling in the throat can get so severe that it can obstruct your breathing process.
For the treatment of viral tonsillitis, the body’s own defense system and time is all that we can rely on. Researches are still working on to find out an anti-infective agent to deal with such viral infection. Mostly teenagers and adults are found to be affected by mono.