What is Insulin? What happens when there is Not Enough Insulin?

Updated on 08 May 2009,
Published on 08 May 2009

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. When we eat, the pancreas automatically releases enough insulin to transfer glucose, present in our blood, into the cells thereby reducing the blood sugar level. And if there is no insulin produced by the pancreas, then how will the glucose enter into the cells? As a result, the glucose will remain unused, staying in the blood creating problems for the sufferer (making him diabetic or causing diabetes mellitus).

A diabetic patient has to face the condition in which the amount of glucose in the blood gets too high or elevated (hyperglycemia). This could be due to two reasons - 1. insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or no production of insulin at all or 2. the cells do not respond effectively to the insulin, produced by the pancreas.

This results in excess of glucose in the blood that eventually passes out of the body through urine. Inspite of plenty of glucose in the blood, the cells are deprived of it required for energy and growth.

2 Response(s)
holly
when the body of a person does not get enough insulin diabetes will occuer
Emily
this was good and very helpful thnx
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